Submitted: 19 Aug 2014
Accepted: 16 Nov 2014
ePublished: 16 Nov 2014
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J Educ Community Health. 2014;1(2): 20-29.
doi: 10.20286/jech-010220
  Abstract View: 1498
  PDF Download: 627

Self-care of Chronic Diseases

Research Article

Health Promoting Self-Care Behaviors and Its Related Factors in Elderly: Application of Health Belief Model

Mojtaba Azadbakht 1 ORCID logo, Gholamreza Garmaroodi 1, Parisa Taheri Tanjani 2* ORCID logo, Robab Sahaf 3, Davood Shojaeizade 1, Elham Gheisvandi 1

1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of Ageing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: P.taheri@sbmu.ac.ir


Introduction: Health beliefs significantly affect health promoting self-care behaviors. The most important model designed based on health beliefs is the Health Belief Model. This study examined the association between health belief model constructs and demographic factors with behaviors in elderly.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 465 elders referring to Tehran's cultural centers recruited with a multi-stage sampling method. Study instruments were questionnaires regarding demographic information, health beliefs, self-efficacy and health-promoting self-care behaviors. Data analysis was performed using SPSS-22 software by Independent T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Multiple linear regression.

Results: The mean (±SD) age of subjects was 68.24±6.12 years and the mean of general self-care score was 1.79±0.36. Gender (P=0.011), economy (P<0.001), education level (P<0.001) and age (P=0.008) were significantly associated with self-care behaviors. Regression analysis showed that perceived barriers, self-efficacy and perceived severity were determinants of behavior (P<0.001).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it is essential to pay special attention to self-efficacy, perceived severity and perceived barriers to design health education for elderly.

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