Submitted: 22 Oct 2023
Revision: 12 Nov 2023
Accepted: 01 Dec 2023
ePublished: 29 Dec 2023
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J Educ Community Health. 2023;10(4): 233-241.
doi: 10.34172/jech.2679

Scopus ID: 85186083195
  Abstract View: 454
  PDF Download: 312


Review Article

The Application of Internet of Things in Healthcare Systems with a Focus on Advantages and Challenges: A Scoping Review

Shahrbanoo Pahlevanynejad 1,2 ORCID logo, Seyyed Reza Hosseini 3, Elham Salmani 3, Neda Radmehrnia 3, Mahsa Zamini 3, Erfan Esmaeeli 4 ORCID logo, Azam Sabahi 5* ORCID logo

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
2 Department of Health Information Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Ferdows Faculty of Medical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4 Department of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Health Information Technology, Ferdows Faculty of Medical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Azam Sabahi, Email: sabahiazam858@gmail.com, Email: sabahiazam858@gmail.com


Background: The internet of things (IoT) has become a heterogeneous and exceedingly disseminated structure that can react to the everyday needs of individuals and distinctive organizations. The present study aimed to investigate the application of the IoT in healthcare systems, with a focus on its strengths and challenges.

Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, SID, and Magiran, were searched for this review study. In addition, a review of the gray literature was undertaken to identify relevant studies in English on the current subject. The titles, abstracts, and full texts were independently screened based on PRISMA guidelines for the scoping literature. General information containing the author(s) name, year of publication, the aim of the study, and specific information, including technologies used in IoT, the medical field, the application of IoT in health, limitations, and strengths, were extracted and analyzed.

Results: Forty-four papers were qualified and contained in the process to 2023. Different studies have mentioned the opportunities for different forms of IoT applications, such as remote consultation, health monitoring and care, medication management, quick diagnosis, and effective treatment. In addition, studies have addressed the challenges in different forms, such as remembering everyday events, fitness, remote rehabilitation, management of chronic diseases, E-Visit, and better management of daily activities.

Conclusion: The challenges and the benefits were classified into nine and ten main groups, respectively. Each of these challenges and benefits, which include smaller and more current elements, can help health policymakers apply the IoT and use its benefits.

Please cite this article as follows: Pahlevanynejad S, Hosseini SR, Salmani E, Radmehrnia N, Zamini M, Esmaeeli E, et al. The application of internet of things in healthcare systems with a focus on advantages and challenges: a scoping review. J Educ Community Health. 2023; 10(4):233-241. doi:10.34172/jech.2679
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