Volume 8, Issue 4 (December 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(4): 265-270 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.QUMS.REC.1399.077


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- Department of Health Education & Promotion, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Emergency Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin, Iran
3- Department of Nursing, Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Iran
4- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
5- "Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery" and "Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases", Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
6- "Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery" and "Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases", Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , dehghan247@gmail.com
Abstract:   (676 Views)
Aims: Sexual health literacy is a context-based variable affected by the ecosystem or a set of cultural and social factors of each community. This study aimed to determine sexual health literacy and the related factors.
Instrument & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The population of this study was 305 women referring to the health centers of Qazvin, Iran. Sampling was done through a one-stage cluster method. The data collection tool was a demographic and the standard questionnaire sexual health literacy for adults. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 and descriptive statistics and logistic regression.
Findings: In this study, 44.9% of women were under 30 years old. The mean±SD of sexual health literacy was 76.89±18.32. Women had 7.9% inadequate sexual health literacy, 9.5% had inadequate sexual health literacy, 50.1% had adequate sexual health literacy, and 32.5% had excellent sexual health literacy. The results of the logistic regression test showed that the variables of education level, spouse education level, and use of contraceptives affect women's health literacy (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Women with a lower education level, women whose spouses had low education levels, and women who did not use contraceptives had lower sexual health literacy. Therefore, according to the role of sexual health literacy in understanding, accepting, and applying sexual health messages, it is suggested that researchers and health providers pay more attention to the mentioned women in designing educational programs to promote women's sexual health literacy.
Full-Text [PDF 505 kb]   (128 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Sexual Health
Received: 2020/11/4 | Accepted: 2021/02/28

References
1. Hosein Rashidi B, Kiyani K, Haghollahi F, Shahbazi Sighaldeh S. Sexual health definition from the perspective of Iranian experts and description its components. Tehran Univ Med J. 2015;73(3):210-20. [Persian] [Full text]
2. Khodakarami B, Aligholi S. The effect of education on the knowledge of sexual and reproductive health of women participating in marriage counseling classes of Hamedan based on the role model of James Brown. J Hamadan Univ Med Sci. 2011;19(1):52-8. [Persian] [Full text]
3. Masoumi S.Z, Alavipour N, Parsa P, Kazemi F. Demographic factors affecting sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women. J Educ Community Health. 2020;7(1):5-12. [Persian] [Full text]
4. Sahebalzamani M, Mostaedi Z, Farahani H, Sokhanvar M. Relationship between health literacy and sexual function and sexual satisfaction in infertile couples referred to the Royan Institute. Int J Fertil Steril. 2018;12(2):136-41. [PubMed]
5. Graf AS, Patrick JH. Foundations of life-long sexual health literacy. Health Educ. 2015;115(1):56-70. [Full text]
6. Guzzo K. B, Hayford S. Race-ethnic differences in sexual health knowledge. Race Soc Probl. 2012;4(3-4):158-70. [PubMed]
7. Manduley AE, Mertens AE, Plante I, Sultana A. The role of social media in sex education: dispatches from queer, trans, and racialized communities. Fem Psychol. 2018;28(1):152-70. [Full text]
8. McDaid L, Flowers P, Ferlatte O, Young I, Patterson S, Gilbert M. Sexual health literacy among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men: a conceptual framework for future research. Cult Health Sex. 2020;23(2):207-223. [Full text]
9. Maasoumi R, Tavousi M, Zarei F. Development and psychometric properties of sexual health literacy for adults (SHELA) questionnaire. J Hayat. 2019;25(1):56-69. [Persian] [Full text]
10. von Wagner C, Knight K, Steptoe A, Wardle J. Functional health literacy and health-promoting behavior in a national sample of British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(12):1086-90. [PubMed]
11. Ribeiro P, Jacobsen K, Mathers C, Garcia-Moreno C. Priorities for women's health from the global burden of disease study. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008;102(1):82-90. [PubMed]
12. Mirjalili MR, Mirrezaee S, MazloomiMahmoodabad SS, Dehghan HR. Health-promoting behaviors in women of reproductive age in Yazd city. J Toloo-e-Behdasht. 2018;17(4):1-12. [Persian] [Full text]
13. Kanj M, Mitic W. Health literacy and health promotion, definition, concepts and examples in Eastern Mediterranean region. 7th Global Conference on Health Promotion, "Promoting Health and Development: Closing the Implementation Gap", Nairobi, Kenya 2009;5: 26-30. Geneva: WHO; 2009.
14. Tavousi M, Haeri Mehrizi AA, Rafiefar SH, Solimanian A, Sarbandi F, Ardestani M, et al. Health literacy in Iran: findings from a national study. PAYESH. 2016;15:95-102. [Persian] [Full text]
15. Berkman ND, Sheridan SL, Donahue KE, Halpern DJ, Viera A, Crotty K. Health literacy interventions and outcomes: an updated systematic review. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep). 2011;199(199):1-941. [PubMed]
16. Damman OC, van der Beek AJ, Timmermans DR. Workers' knowledge and beliefs about cardiometabolic health risk. J Occup Environ Med. 2014;56(1):92-100. [PubMed]
17. Dabiri F, Hajian S, Ebadi A, Zayeri F, Abedini S. Sexual and reproductive health literacy of the youth in Bandar Abbas. AIMS Med Sci. 2019;6(4):318-25. [Full text]
18. Vongxay V, Albers F, Thongmixay S, Thongsombath M, Broerse JEW, Sychareun V, et al. Sexual and reproductive health literacy of school adolescents in Lao PDR. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(1):e0209675. [PubMed]
19. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Osmani F, Ghazanfari E, Niknami S. Evaluation of Health Literacy and its influencing factors on dormitory students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. J Educ Community Health. 2016;3(3):30-6. [Persian] [Full text]
20. Mohammadi Farah S, Saati Asr MH, Kavivani Manesh A, Barati M, Afshari M, Mohammadi Y. Health literacy level and its related factors among college students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. J Educ Community Health. 2017;4(2):11-7. [Persian] [Full text]
21. Barati M, Bayat F, Asadi Z A, Afshari Moshir F, Afshari M. Relationship between health literacy and self-care behaviors in hypertensive patients. J Educ Community Health. 2020;7(2):89-96 [Full text]
22. Rezaee Esfahrood Z, Haerian ardekani A, Rahmanian M, Ghaffari Targhi M. A survey on health literacy of referred diabetic patients to Yazd diabetes research center. J Toloo-e-Behdasht. 2016;15(3):176-86. [Persian] [Full text]
23. Ghaffari M, Hatami H, Rakhshanderou S, Shoghli A, Heidari A. Health literacy among women referring to healthcare centers of Zanjan city, Iran: a cross-sectional study. J Educ Community Health. 2018;5(1):42-8. [Full text]
24. Mahdavi ZH, Ramezankhani A, Ghanbari SH, Khodakarim L. Relationship between health literacy and female cancers preventive behaviors. PAYESH. 2017;16(5):613-25. [Persian] [Full text]
25. Panahi R, Namdar P, Samiei Siboni F, Fallah S, Anbari M, Dehghankar L, et al. Association between health literacy and adopting preventive behaviors of breast cancer in Iran. J Edu Health Promot. 2020;9:241. [Full text]
26. Ghaffarzadeh Khoei M, Lamyaian M, Lotfi R, Montazeri A. The relationship between postpartum depression and health literacy among nulliparous women. PAYESH. 2017;16(6):797-805. [Persian] [Full text]
27. Aghaeian N, Farahaninia M, Janmohamadi S, Haghani H. Association between health literacy and preventive behaviors of breast cancer in women. JHL. 2019;4(2):9-17.
28. Downey LVA, Zun LS. Assessing adult health literacy in urban healthcare settings. J Natl Med Assos. 2008;100(11):1304-8. [PubMed]
29. Jovic Vranes A, Bjegovic -Mikanovic V, Marinkovic J. Functional health literacy among primary health-care patients: data from the Belgrade pilot study. J Public Health. 2009;31(4):490-95. [PubMed]
30. Abdolmalaki B, Peyman N, Esmaeili H, Tajfard M. Associated factors with the use of health services among postmenopausal women in Mashhad based on the theory of planned behavior: the role of health literacy. J Educ Community Health. 2019;6(2):111-17. [Full text]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.