Volume 8, Issue 1 (March 2021)                   J Educ Community Health 2021, 8(1): 29-33 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- Department of Nursing, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2- Department of Anesthesiology, Paramedical Faculty, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
3- Department of Medical Librarianship, Paramedical Faculty, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz. Iran
4- Medical Faculty, Research Committee, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
5- Department of Biostatistics, School of Health and Nutrition, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
6- Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran , f_jahanpour@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (384 Views)
Aims: Internet addiction is excessive use of the Internet (daily more than three hours). This is social and psychological damage with severe consequences for young people, especially college students. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Internet addiction and identity styles in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences students.
Instrument & Methods: The present research is a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population was all students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. The sample included 277 students studying at Bushehr University of Medical Sciences who were selected using simple random sampling. The data were collected using demographic characteristics, the Berzonsky Identity Style Inventory, and Yang's Internet addiction questionnaire. For analyzing data, statistical Pearson correlation, ANOVA, t-test were used by SPSS 23 statistical software.
Findings: The result showed that 90.2 percent of students were non-addicted, and 9.8 percent are addicted to the Internet. The average information identity is 40.29±6.65, and the avoidance identity is 27.89±6.21. The correlation between normative identity style (-0.30) and information (-.0.26) with Internet addiction in a negative direction is statistically significant (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The present study's findings confirm the relationship between informational and normative identity styles and Internet addiction. According to the results of this study, it is necessary to develop programs such as training the Internet's correct use at universities and filling students' leisure time.
Full-Text [PDF 407 kb]   (160 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2019/12/11 | Accepted: 2020/08/10

References
1. Tabatabaeirad ES, Akbari Balootbangan A. Prediction of internet addiction and social anxiety based on parenting styles in adolescents of Sabzevar, Iran. J Educ Community Health. 2017;3(4):52-8. [Persian] [Full text]
2. Tamannaeifar MR, Seddighi Arfaei F, Gandomi Z. Relationship between internet use and academic achievement among high school students in Kashan. J Inflamm Dis. 2013;17(2):77-82. [Persian] [Full text]
3. Hosseinpour E, Asgari A, Ayati M. The relationship between internet and cell-phone addictions and academic burnout in university students. Inf Commun Technol Educ Sci. 2016;6(4):59-73. [Persian] [Full text]
4. Vahidifar H, Nabavizadeh H, Ardebilyfard M. Assessment of internet addiction among college students in North Khorasan university of medical sciences in Bojnoord, Iran. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2014;5(5):1081-8. [Persian] [Full text]
5. Berzonsky MD, Neimeyer GJ. Ego identity status and identity processing orientation: The moderating role of commitment. J Res Personal. 1994;28(4):425-35. [Full text]
6. Pishro Kallankesh S, Nemati S. Modeling structural relations of social support and identity styles with social adjustment and quality of life. Q Soc Psychol Res. 2019;8(32):79-90. [Persian] [Full text]
7. Maghsoudi S, Rahimi Mohseni R, Emami Sigaroodi AH, Kazemnezhad L. Identity styles and academic status of Gilan university of medical sciences. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015;25(76):24-32. [Persian] [Full text]
8. Salehi Omran E, Abedini Baltork M, Azizi Shomami M, Keshavarz K. Relationship between internet addiction and depression among secondary school students in Kordkuy, Iran, with an emphasis on the type of virtual network. J Educ Community Health. 2018;5(1):13-8. [Persian] [Full text]
9. Hostovecky M, Prokop P. The relationship between internet addiction and personality traits in Slovak secondary schools students. J Appl Math Stat Inform. 2018;14(1):83-101. [Full text]
10. Unesi Z, Nakhaee S, Khazaie T, Amouzeshi Z, Kaheni S. Evaluation of the relationship between identity styles and leisure time activities in adolescents. J Nurs Midwifery Sci. 2015;2(4):51-60. [Persian] [Full text]
11. Azizi L, Makvandi B, Ramak N, Sangani A, Ebrahimi S. Mediating role of gender-related personality traits in the relationship between identity styles, attachment with self-differentiation in nurse students. Iran J Nurs Res. 2019;14(4):13-20. [Persian] [Full text]
12. Ranjdoost S, Ghahremani J. The relationship between the identity process styles and educational achievement with mediating role of public health among female and male pre-university students. Res Curric Plan. 2016;13(21):102-12. [Persian] [Full text]
13. Alavi SS, Eslami M, Maracy MR, Najafi M, Jannatifard F, Rezapour H. Psychometric properties of Young internet addiction test. Int J Behav Sci. 2010;4(3):183-9. [Persian] [Full text]
14. Ghahremani L, Jafari Baghkheirati A, Nazari M. Internet addiction and its effects on the academic achievement of the students of Shiraz university of medical sciences: Cross-sectional study on addiction-driven behaviors. Interdiscip J Virtual Learn Med Sci. 2013;4(1):44-51. [Persian] [Full text]
15. Hassan T, Alam MM, Wahab A, Hawlader MD. Prevalence and associated factors of internet addiction among young adults in Bangladesh. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2020;95(3):1-8. [Full text]
16. Parvizi F, Sarabi P, Karamichame F. Study of the relationship between identity styles and internet addiction. Nation Res. 2016;2(13):93-108. [Persian] [Full text]
17. Monacis L, Depalo V, Griffiths MD, Sinatra M. Exploring individual differences in online addictions: The role of identity and attachment. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2017;15(4):853-68. [PubMed]
18. Ghaderirammazi M, Mehdizadeh Zare Anari A, Dehghan H, Najafi V. Relationship between parenting styles, identity styles and students’ internet addiction in Kerman university of medical sciences. Rep Health Care J. 2015;1(3):114-9. [Persian] [Full text]
19. Rahmati S, Keramati H. The relationship between the internet addiction and students’ social self-efficacy, identity styles and gender differences. Health Syst Res. 2016;12(1):21-6. [Persian] [Full text]
20. Berzonsky MD, Cieciuch J, Duriez B, Soenens B. The how and what of identity formation: Associations between identity styles and value orientations. Personal Individ Differ. 2011;50(2):295-9. [Full text]
21. Xin M, Xing J, Pengfei W, Houru L, Mengcheng W, Hong Z. Online activities, prevalence of internet addiction and risk factors related to family and school among adolescents in China. Addict Behav Rep. 2017;7:14-8. [PubMed]
22. Doornwaard SM, Van Den Eijnden RJJM, Baams L, Vanwesenbeeck I, Ter Bogt TFM. Lower psychological well-being and excessive sexual interest predict symptoms of compulsive use of sexually explicit internet material among adolescent boys. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(1):73-84. [PubMed]
23. Dadipoor S, Zare F, Abdolrezaei Zarandi F, Ghanbarnejad A, Hassanzadeh R, Safari Moradabadi A. Investigate internet addiction and effective factors among students in Hormozgan university of medical sciences. J Health Syst Res. 2014;10(3):469-79. [Persian] [Full text]
24. Daneshvarpour Z, Ghanai Z, Shokri O, Zeidabadi HR. Forecast of social intimacy based on identity style, identity commitment and gender. J Psychol. 2007;2(7):51-81. [Persian] [Full text]