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Submitted: 28 Jan 2016
Accepted: 28 Mar 2016
ePublished: 30 Mar 2016
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J Educ Community Health. 2016;2(4): 48-56.
doi: 10.21859/jech-02047
  Abstract View: 660
  PDF Download: 478

Injury Prevention

Research Article

The Effect of Educational Intervention Based on PRECEDE-PROCEED Model on Promoting Traffic Safety Behaviors in Primary Schools Students of Tabriz in 2014

Saeed Omidi 1, Rabiollah Farmanbar 1 ORCID logo, Sima Mokhtarpour 1*

1 Department of Health Education, School of health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Email: sima_mokhtarpour@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Pedestrian injuries are a public health problem and one of the major victims of road traffic injuries are children. Education is one of the most important strategies to solve traffic problems. To achieve effective results, education should be defined on the basis of theories and models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PRECEDE-PROCEED based intervention for promoting traffic safety behaviors in elementary schools students of Tabriz.

Materials and Methods: This study was a randomized controlled trial. The sample included 75 elementary students who were randomly selected from two different schools. Data was collected using a questionnaire including the PRECEDE-PROCEED model constructs and demographic variables. Participants completed questionnaires before and one month after intervention. The intervention consisted of six sessions and was conducted in experimental group schools. The data were analyzed with fisher’s exact test, chi square, t-test and paired t-test, using SPSS-18 software.

Results: The average age of participants was 10.11 ± 0.68 years. There was no significant differences in demographic variables between the two groups before the intervention (P>0.05). The findings showed that after the educational intervention, significant differences were observed in knowledge, attitude, enabling factors, reinforcing factors and behavior scores in the experimental group compared to the control group.

Conclusions: An educational intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model could promote students’ traffic safety behaviors.

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