Logo-jech
Submitted: 04 Aug 2020
Accepted: 22 Apr 2021
ePublished: 30 Sep 2021
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

J Educ Community Health. 2021;8: 223-228.
doi: 10.52547/jech.8.3.223

Scopus ID: 85119661905
  Abstract View: 107
  PDF Download: 47

Special

Research Article

Attitude and Related Factors towards COVID-19 Prevention based on the Health Belief Model among the Rafsanjan Citizens

Mohammad Aligol 1 ORCID logo, Mostafa Nasirzadeh 2* ORCID logo, Maryam Akhondi 3, Leili Mazar 4, Seyed Mohsen Mosavifard 5

1 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Qom, Iran
2 "Occupational Environment Research Centre" and "Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health", Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
3 Department of Health, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
4 "Student Research Committee" and "Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health", Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
5 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: mnasirzadeh13@rums.ac.ir

Abstract

Aims: COVID-19 is rapidly expanding around the world and is one of the most important health problems. The purpose of the study was to determine preventive behaviors from COVID-19 and its determinants based on some constructs of the Health Belief Model.

Instrument & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2504 citizens of Rafsanjan in 2020 that were randomly selected by cluster sampling method. Data were collected using a behavior and Health Belief Model constructs (HBMs) researcher-made questionnaire based on the Internet. The validity of the questionnaire was evaluated by ten specialists, and its reliability was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Data analysis was conducted in SPSS 18 by applying statistical tests such as Pearson's correlation coefficient, independent t-test, One-Way ANOVA, and linear regression.

Findings: The means score of knowledge, attitude, perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and preventive behavior were 83.13±10.72, 81.17±8.55, 79.28±17.19, 74.47±14.65, 84.32±16.11, 69.27±14.31, and 87.35±11.16, respectively. There was a significant correlation between preventive behaviors with knowledge, attitude, and HBMs (p<0.001). The attitude was the strongest predictor for adopting preventive behaviors (B=0.446, p<0.001). In total, knowledge, attitude, and HBM constructs predicted 36.8% of the preventive behaviors for COVID-19.

Conclusions: There is a significant correlation between adopting preventive behaviors for COVID-19 with knowledge, attitude, and HBM constructs.

Keywords: COVID-19, Knowledge, Attitude, Health Belief Model
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 108

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 47

Your browser does not support the canvas element.